How Does A Mirrorless Camera Work?
If you are a photography enthusiast, one of the most important skills to master is understanding how your camera works. Doing so can help you maximize the use of your equipment. However, various cameras with different features are constantly being produced. For starters, a mirrorless camera is a good introduction to the colorful world of pictures. So, how does a mirrorless camera work?
Definition of a Mirrorless Camera
The most common cameras used by amateurs and professionals alike are DSLR and mirrorless cameras. So how does a mirrorless camera work? A mirrorless camera does not use a mirror, a major component of a DLSR (Digital Single Lens Reflex) camera. How a DSLR works is pretty simple; the mirror bounces the imaging sensor to an optical viewfinder. In a mirrorless camera, with the absence of a mirror, the imaging sensor is exposed all the time. This enables a mirrorless camera to produce a digital preview of your image on an LCD screen or an EVF (Electronic Viewfinder).
A Mirrorless camera uses a less complex process to work compared to a DSLR. When you press the shutter button, the sensor gets exposed to light since the door slides down. Then, another door slides up to cover the sensor to stop the exposure, generating your image.
Advantages of a Mirrorless Camera
Understanding how does a mirrorless camera work is as important as knowing its benefits. Mirrorless cameras are becoming more and more popular for photographers nowadays. And we definitely understand why. Here are some benefits of using a mirrorless camera:
- Compact and lightweight
If you are more into street and outdoor photography, then a mirrorless camera will work best for you. It's easier to carry around, and its point-and-shoot feature makes it the best choice when you're always on the road.
- Better Image Quality
With no mirror inside the camera, you’ll get better image stabilization since the camera is less prone to shaking. This entails better image quality and more professional shots.
- Electronic Viewfinder (EVF)
An EVF allows an image preview before actually taking the shot. That said, you can adjust your angle, the brightness and contrast, and other settings to get the best outcome. The EVF shows you the actual image before you even click to shoot. This minimizes unusable pictures that take some of your storage space.
Since there's few moving parts inside a mirrorless camera, it is ideal for discreet shots.
- Dependable Video Mode
EVFs also work well in video mode. So if you want the right combination of image and video quality, a mirrorless camera will prove to be more beneficial. On the contrary, DSLR requires you to be in a live view to work in the first place.
- High Shooting Speed
How does a mirrorless camera work in terms of shooting speed? Mirrorless cameras have better-focusing capacity than a DSLR. The high shutter speed also allows photographers to snap an image at a faster rate. This makes mirrorless cameras perfect for outdoor fun shoots.
Drawbacks of Mirrorless Cameras
Although mirrorless cameras are taking the wave, it is still essential to understand some of its limitations. For one, a mirrorless camera has a shorter battery life compared to that of a DSLR. The EVF requires battery power, so consider using a DSLR instead if you need to shoot for longer days.
Another drawback of mirrorless cameras is the cost. High-quality mirrorless cameras are as expensive as a DSLR. For an amateur photographer, getting a budget DSLR can be more beneficial than a budget mirrorless camera. Also, mirrorless cameras have fewer accessories. If you want to play around with different lenses and attachments, then a DSLR camera is a better choice. Mirrorless cameras are still new and evolving, thus the lack of accessories to complement them.
How does a mirrorless camera work during low-light conditions? The answer is, it might not perform well. Compared to a DSLR, they have a less accurate autofocus system. Mirrorless cameras use contrast-detection, unlike the reliable phase-detection system used by DSLRs. In low-light conditions, mirrorless cameras will move its lens to find better contrast, just like your smartphone, resulting in blurred images. Here's how to learn more about mirrorless cameras.
If you are just starting with your photography career, understanding how does a mirrorless camera work can help you decide what camera will work best with the type of photography you are more geared into. Generally, mirrorless cameras and DSLRs both have their share of benefits and drawbacks. It all boils down to what you need as a photographer.
If you prefer casual photo shoots, then a mirrorless camera can be your best choice. However, if you want to challenge yourself and take your skills up a notch, a DSLR camera can be more beneficial. So always go back to your needs and skills level to determine which camera will suit you best.